How To Install/Attach/Fasten Stair Treads

How To Install/Attach/Fasten Stair Treads

Needing to install new stair treads? This blog post will guide you through the step-by-step process of installing wooden stair treads.
How To Replace Stair Treads Reading How To Install/Attach/Fasten Stair Treads 7 minutes Next Do Stair Treads Ruin Wood?

Learn How to install/attach/fasten stair treads with this comprehensive step-by-step guide. Also learn how applying carpet stair treads can add to your overall finished product.

  • Step 1: Measure the stairs
  • Step 2: Prepair the stairs
  • Step 3: Apply adhesive
  • Step 4: Install the stair treads
  • Step 5: Secure the treads
  • Step 6: Sand and stain
  • Step 7: Compliment with carpet stair treads.


Introduction to Wooden Stair Treads  

Wooden stair treads are the horizontal pieces of wood that form the surface of each step on a staircase. They play a crucial role in not only providing a safe and sturdy surface for walking up and down the stairs but also in enhancing the aesthetic appeal of the staircase. When installed properly, wooden stair treads can add warmth, character, and value to any home.

What are wooden stair treads?  

Wooden stair treads are typically made from durable hardwood such as oak, maple, or cherry. They come in various sizes and can be customized to fit different staircase dimensions. These treads are designed to withstand heavy foot traffic and provide a solid foundation for the stairs.

Benefits of using wooden stair treads  

Using wooden stair treads offers several advantages. They are known for their durability, strength, and timeless beauty. Wooden treads also provide a natural, warm look that complements various interior design styles. Additionally, they can be refinished or stained to match the overall decor of the home, making them a versatile choice for homeowners.

Importance of proper installation  

Proper installation of wooden stair treads is crucial for both safety and longevity. When installed correctly, they provide a secure and stable surface for walking, reducing the risk of accidents and injuries. Knowing how to keep stair treads in place is very important to the overall safety of your staircase. Additionally, a well-installed wooden stair tread can withstand heavy use and maintain its appearance over time, adding value to the home.

Tools and Materials Needed  

Before starting the installation process, it's essential to gather all the necessary tools and materials. Here's a list of what you'll need:


  • Measuring tape

  • Pencil

  • Saw (circular saw or hand saw)

  • Drill

  • Hammer

  • Nail set

  • Level

  • Sanding block or sander

  • Paintbrush or applicator


  • Wooden stair treads

  • Construction adhesive or fasteners (nails, screws)

  • Wood finish or stain

  • Sandpaper

  • Wood putty (to fill nail holes)

  • Cleaning supplies (cloth, vacuum)

Safety equipment:  

  • Safety goggles

  • Dust mask

  • Work gloves

Preparing for Installation  

Preparing to replace stair treads requires a few steps.

Measuring the stairs for the treads  

Start by measuring the dimensions of each step to determine the size of the wooden stair treads needed. It's essential to measure the length, width, and depth of each step accurately to ensure a proper fit.

Choosing the right type of wooden stair treads  

Consider the type of wood, finish, and style that will best complement your home's interior. Select wooden stair treads that are durable, visually appealing, and suitable for the specific requirements of your staircase.

Preparing the stairs for installation  

Before installing the wooden stair treads, you want to make sure you know if you install stair treads or risers first. Also ensure that the staircase is clean, dry, and free of any debris. If there is existing carpet on the stairs, it will need to be removed before proceeding with the installation.

Step-by-Step Installation Process  

Marking the placement of the treads on the stairs  

Using a pencil and measuring tape, mark the placement of each wooden stair tread on the staircase. Ensure that the treads are positioned evenly and securely on each step.

Applying adhesive or fasteners to attach the treads  

Depending on the chosen method of installation, apply construction adhesive or use fasteners such as nails or screws to secure the wooden stair treads to the steps. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for the adhesive application or use the appropriate tools for fastening the treads in place.

Securing the treads in place  

Once the adhesive or fasteners are applied, carefully place the wooden stair treads onto the marked positions on the stairs. Use a hammer and nail set to secure the treads with nails, or a drill to fasten them with screws.

Ensuring proper alignment and spacing  

Use a level to ensure that each wooden stair tread is aligned correctly and sits flat on the step. Check for consistent spacing between the treads to maintain a uniform appearance and safe walking surface.

Finishing Touches  

Sanding and smoothing the installed treads  

After the wooden stair treads are securely attached, use a sanding block or sander to smooth out any rough edges or surfaces. This step will ensure a seamless and comfortable walking surface on the stairs.

Applying finish or stain for protection and aesthetics  

To protect the wooden stair treads from wear and tear, apply a wood finish or stain according to the manufacturer's instructions. This will not only enhance the natural beauty of the wood but also provide a protective layer against daily use.

Cleaning up the work area after installation  

Once the installation and finishing are complete, clean up any debris, dust, or leftover materials from the work area. Vacuum the stairs and wipe down the wooden stair treads to ensure a clean and polished look.

Maintenance and Care Tips  

Regular cleaning and maintenance of wooden stair treads  

To maintain the appearance and condition of the wooden stair treads, regularly clean them with a damp cloth or vacuum to remove dust and dirt. Avoid using harsh cleaning agents that may damage the wood finish.

How to address wear and tear over time  

Inspect the wooden stair treads periodically for signs of wear, scratches, or damage. Depending on the extent of the wear, consider refinishing or re-staining the treads to restore their appearance and protection.

In regards to carpet stair treads, some people ask, "do stair treads ruin wood?" The answer is, that it depends on the quality of the carpet stair treads. Oak Valley Designs offers high quality stair treads with built-in adhesive backing, that can be removed and replaced as many times as needed, with no damaging affects to the wood treads.  

Tips for preserving the appearance and longevity of the treads  

Place rugs or mats in high-traffic areas to minimize wear on the wooden stair treads. Additionally, avoid dragging heavy objects or sharp items across the treads to prevent scratches and dents.


In conclusion, installing wooden stair treads is a rewarding DIY project that can enhance the safety and aesthetics of your home. By following the step-by-step guide and using the right tools and materials, you can achieve a professional-looking installation with ease. Proper installation is essential for ensuring the durability and safety of wooden stair treads, making it a worthwhile investment for any homeowner.

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